Scotland, a country that remained as a part of Great Britain for more than 300 years has offered many innovative and crucial inventions and discoveries to the humanity. Today, we are going to make you people aware of some extra-ordinary and necessary inventions of Scotland, which has just changed and modified the normal living standard of people today.

1. Cycle

A Scottish blacksmith, Kirkpatric MacMillan had invented the first mechanically driven bicycle in 1839. The cycle made by him was too heavy and difficult to ride too. Macmillian thought neither about patterning nor about earning some bucks for his invention.

Replica of Kirkpatrick Macmillan's first mechanically driven bicycle
Replica of Kirkpatrick Macmillan’s first mechanically driven bicycle.

2. Telephone

An eminent Scottish-born scientist, inventor, engineer and innovator – Alexander Graham Bell (also known as Teacher of Deaf) from Edinburgh, Scotland had invented the first practical telephone around in 1854. He received the first U.S. patent on a Telephone in 1876.

The interesting thing about this invention is that, Bell was trying to invent a device that can help deaf people to hear the sound, but during that process, mistakenly telephone was invented.

Alexander Graham Bell Telephone 1876.
Alexander Graham Bell Telephone 1876.

3. Television

Television that has successfully made a special part in human’s lives is also Scottish Scientist’s fervor. In 1926, John Logie Baird first presented the working television in front of the world. After two years of launch, the Scottish scientist played the first foreign program from London to New York via telephone line transmission. In 1928, he presented the world’s first color television in front of the people.

John Logie Baird's television apparatus on display at the Science Museum, of London.
John Logie Baird’s television apparatus on display at the Science Museum, of London.

4. Postage Stamp

All the credits for inventing first adhesive Postage Stamp also goes to a Scottish James Chalmers. At the beginning of 1800s, a bookseller James Chalmers always wanted to speed up postal system. Therefore, he started insisting on the idea of the single rate of postage. In 1840, the idea that he thought came out in the form of the world’s first postage stamp featuring a picture of Queen Victoria.

All the credits for inventing first adhesive Postage Stamp also goes to a Scottish James Chalmers

5. ATM Machine

Two separate Scottish people invented ATM machine. Scottish inventor named James Goodfellow owned the patent of PIN (Personal Identification Number) technology, which is used for a cash machine. Right there, the idea for a machine to withdraw money 24×7 was of Scottish inventor John Shepherd. In 1967, the first ATM machine invented by them was started out in London Barclay’s Bank.

Barclays Bank's first cash-dispensing machine
Barclays Bank’s first cash-dispensing machine.

6. Penicillin

Many important inventions in the field of medicine are also in the name of Scotland. Among that name, Penicillin is the one. Penicillin helps in stopping the growth rate of bacteria, which spread diseases like pneumonia. In 1928, at Alexander Fleming’s staggered laboratory this medicine was mistakenly invented.

Penicillin

7. Chloroform (Anesthesia)

Scottish Sir James Young Simpson invented the chloroform, which is one of the major inventions in the field of medicine. As a chairman at the University of Edinburgh in Midwifery, Simpson discovered anesthesia, which is highly used during surgery and childbirth. He also has to face almost every kind of conflicts whether it is religious, moral or medical regarding its uses. Finally, after being used during the labor of Queen Victoria this medicine was accepted.

Nineteenth-century bottles of ether and chloroform, which were the first two substances used for anesthesia.
Nineteenth-century bottles of ether and chloroform, which were the first two substances used for anesthesia.

8. Flushing Toilet

Last but not the least, Flushing toilet is patented in the name of a Scottish Alexandar Kamming. He also invented S-trap, through which it is possible to use flush system. Today also, the same technique is being used in several flush toilets.

Two hundred years later Alexander Cummings reinvented the flush toilet more commonly called the water closet.
Alexander Cummings reinvented the flush toilet more commonly called the water closet.
SHARE

LEAVE A REPLY